Ukraine has established two routes through Poland and Romania to export grain and avert a global food crisis, though bottlenecks have slowed the supply chain, the deputy foreign minister said on Sunday. from Kyiv.
Dmytro Senik said global food security was at risk because Russia’s invasion of Ukraine had halted Kyiv’s Black Sea grain exports, causing widespread shortages and soaring prices. Ukraine is the world’s fourth largest grain exporter and it claims that there are around 30 million tonnes of grain stored on Ukrainian territory which it tries to export by road, river and rail.
Ukraine was in talks with the Baltic states to add a third corridor for food exports, Senik said. He did not give details on how much grain has already moved or will be moved through these routes.
“These roads are not perfect as they create certain bottlenecks, but we are trying our best to develop these roads in the meantime,” he told Reuters on the sidelines of an Asian security summit in Singapore. . Ukraine’s rail system operates on a different gauge than European neighbors such as Poland, so grain has to be transferred in different trains at the border where there aren’t many transfer or storage facilities.
Rerouting grain to Romania involves rail transport to Danube ports and loading cargo onto barges to sail to the port of Constanta, a complex and expensive process. Moscow, which calls the war a special military operation and denies hitting civilian and agricultural targets, blames Western sanctions on Russia and sea mines imposed by Ukraine for lower food exports and higher world prices. It is also a major grain exporter.
The war in Ukraine dominated the discussions at the Singapore meeting, the Shangri-La Dialogue. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy addressed delegates via video link on Saturday, telling them that the support of their nations was crucial not only to defeat the Russian invasion, but to preserve the rules-based order.
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